The Jiaohe Ruins is an ancient Chinese archaeological site found in the Yarnaz Valley, 10 km west of the city of Turpan, Xinjiang province, China. It is a natural fortress located atop a steep cliff on a leaf-shaped plateau between two deep river valleys. Both the Nara National Cultural Properties Research Institute and the Xinjiang Cultural Relics Bureau have been cooperating in a joint venture to preserve the ruins of the site since 1992. The Jiaohe Site is located about ten kilometers to the west of Turpan, Xinjiang. Along your Silk Road tour, you will see this site.
Jiaohe was the capital of the former Cheshi Kingdom concurrent with the Han Dynasty. It became Jiaohe Prefecture of Gaochang Kingdom in the period between the Sixteen States and the Northern Dynasty. After 640, the fourteenth year of the Zhenguan Period during the Tang Dynasty, it turned to Jiaohe County of Gaochang Prefecture. Due to years of destruction done by wars, it came to decline gradually between the ninth century and fourteenth century. Discovering the time-weathered Jiaohe Ruins would be a great experience along your Silk Road travel.
The Jiaohe Ruins is the largest, earliest and best-preserved city with adobe buildings in the world. The government offices, temples, pagodas, residential blocks and streets are well-preserved in the ancient city.
When mention China travel, a travel to Shangri-la would be the first mind for many people, while to discover China further, I think a Silk Road travel would reward you more.
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