The unique geographical location has provided the Reserve with opportunities to preserve precious plants and animals. There are 2,062 species of pteridophyte and seed plants. Among them, 32 species including dove trees, Katsura trees and ginkgoes are under the state protection; 33 species are indigenous Shennongjia plants. Indulging yourself in the captivating scenery of the Shennongjia National Natural Reserve I, you would have an illusion of wondering in a Shangri-la tour.
There are more than a thousand medicinal plants including Magnolia officinalis, Gastrodia elata and Coptis chinensis in the Reserve, so it is called Natural Medicinal Park.In addition, the Reserve is rich in domesticate wild plants and close relative plants. During the period of 1986-1990, 163 crop species are collected such as yangtao, Chinese goosebeery and Hubei Hawthorn, which are of great value for breeding new varieties or improving current species. It is no wonder that so many travelers particularly request their tour agents to arranged the Shennongjia National Natural Reserve as an extension of their Yangtze River cruises of Wuhan region. That sounds a great idea.
It is known that there are 336 species of terrestrial vertebrate, 200 species of birds, 30 species of reptiles and 27 orders of insects that approximately account for 81.8% of the total. 40 species of animals such as golden monkeys, South China tigers, golden eagles and giant salamanders are under the first-grade state protection. White bears, white monkeys and white toad are found in the Reserve now and then. Every year, during the summer vacation, many student tours to China would flock to Wubei to discover the Shennongjia National Natural Reserve.
In addition, Shennongjia is also famous for the sightings of wild, ape-like creatures -- a Chinese equivalent of the Himalayan Yeti or Bigfoot. The stories are interesting, which attracted great attention from scientists at home and abroad. Many scientists have been to Shennongjia National Nature Reserve and got some preliminary results. It is also said that the creatures seem to be able to distinguish between peasants and scientists -- molesting the former and evading the latter. Some businessmen also like to discover the Shennongjia National Natural Reserve to refresh themselves when their China business travel come to Wubei region.
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