On April 5, 1904, the British invaded Gyangze. The Tibetan army and civilian population rose to resist with ancient powder guns and stones, and Gyangze Zong Hill Castle became a fortified point for defense. The British army cut off the water supply, forcing the Tibetans to fetch dirty water and, in the end, drink their own urine. The Tibetans persisted despite all difficulties. Unfortunately, the British blew up their ammunition depot. Having no way out, the Tibetans fought with swords, spears, cudgels, and whatever they could lay their hands on, but their position was captured after a three month fight. Thereafter, Gyangze became widely known as a 'heroic Town'. If you want to discover the authentic Tibetan landscape, you should never miss exploring Gyangze along your China tours, because it does have much to offer.
Located in the southern part of the Tibetan Autonomous Region, Gyangze County lies in the east of the Xigaze area, to the north o the Himalayas and on the upper reaches of the Nyang Qu River, a tributary of the Yarlung Zangbo River. It extends from Naiqenkangsang Mountain in the east to Bainang County in the west, Kangma County in the south, and Rengbo County and Xigaze City in the north. It covers an area of 3,800 square km at an average elevation of 4,100 meters. Under its jurisdiction are 18 townships, one town, 157 administrative villages and three neighborhood committees, with a total population of 62,000. No China travel packages to Tibet are fantastic enough if the mysterious Gyangze is neglected.
The county government is sited in Gyangze Twon, covering 4.5 square km and with a population density of 2,400 people per square km. It was named a 'National Historical and Cultural Town' by the State Council in 1996. From there, it is 260 km to Lhasa in the east, while Gonggar Airport, the largest airport in Tibet, is 230 km away. Yadong, a small border town, is 215 km away in the south. This may be the reason why so many businessmen particularly prefer to visit Gyangze along their China travel to escape from the hustling and bustling world.
Gyangze possesses a many cultural relics and historic sites, helping to promote tourism. Major tourist attractions include Palkor Monastery, which is also known as the '100,000-Buddha Dagoba', the Historical Site of Tibetan Resistance Against the British Invaders at Zong Hill, Parlha Manor, which is the only one of its kind kept intact in Tibet today, Naiqenkangsang Snow Mountain famous for its glacier ruins, and the Manlha Water Works which integrates power generation and irrigation with flood control. Gyangze is rich in mineral resources, such as cargbon rock, kanlin clay, mineral water, alluvial gold rock, and stibium rock. Wildlife and wild plants include yaks, green goats, yellow goats, snow pheasants, river deer, Rhodiola, and fritillaria. No China tour deals to Tibet could offer travelers a panoramic Tibet if the distinctive Gyangze is not arranged in the itinerary.
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