The God of Land, commonly known as “Lord of Land”, “Land Master” or “Land Divinity”, may be the lowest-ranking and most unnoticed god of all divinities, but it’s one of the most-widely worshipped gods among the Chinese people. In the past, nearly all households enshrined the God of Land, with temples of various sizes dedicated to the god scattered in urban and rural areas, attracting a large number of pilgrims. If your China tour packages luckily fall onto important Chinese festival, mid-autumn day for example, you would see how people worship the God of Land sincerely.
The worship of Land God stems from the worship of land in remote antiquity. In ancient agricultural society, land was held in high esteem, because it produces agriculture, food and clothing. At that time, earth was piled up and respected as a god, to whom offerings were given and homage was paid. The Chinese character “tu” (earth, land) is shaped like a pile of earth on the ground. Every year, many travel-lovers flock to China to join different kinds of educational China tours to discover Chinese history despite of fatigue and long journey. When they see Chinese worshipping God of Land, they are shocked and are overwhelmed by the amazing Chinese culture.
The earliest land god in China was called “she” and sacrificial ceremonies in honor of the god were called “she ji”. These terms were recorded in the Classic of Poetry. The earliest land god was just a symbolic earth pile. Along with the development of social life, the color of nature worshipping gradually faded away and a lot of social functions were given to the God of Land, which became more and more personified. The earliest personified land god was Jiang Ziwen of the Han Dynasty, who was worshipped as the Land God of the Zhongshan Mountain in the Three Kingdoms Period.
There’s a roughly unified image of the God of Land enshrined by the people. It’s a benign-looking old man with gray hair and white beard, wearing a long robe and a black hat. In folk culture, a spouse called “Land Grandma” or “Land Granny” has been created to accompany the God of Land.
For many people, they visit China just for appreciating Chinese history, so they joined the Yangtze River cruises. While in my opinion, just appreciating Chinese landscape is far enough for discover a complete China. Start discovering China from Chinese culture and you would be rewarded much.
Legend of Chang Er
The legend Chang Er Flying to the Moon is a beautiful fable of ancient China. Chang Er was the wife of the legendary hero Hou Yi, a great archer who accomplished great achievements by shooting down nine extra suns. The hero was rewarded with a kind of elixir for his deed, which was then eaten by his wife by stealth. Chang Er rose up to the sky immediately after that and lived on the moon ever since. The moon is also called "Moon Palace" by the Chinese to describe the abode of Chang Er. It is said that she regretted for what she had done soon after she flied to the moon. Many poets in ancient China cited the subject in their poems, in order to deliver Chang Er's loneliness, chillness and solitude in the moon palace. It is no wonder that so many people want to have a China travel to explore profound Chinese history. May the mysterious Chinese legends tell something.
In China, Chang Er is a synonym for the moon, and the Chinese nation has always had a special emotion towards the moon derived by the associations of fair Chang Er, which has even influenced the nation in all aspects. When getting to know what happened to Chang Er, common people of that time put their incense burner tables under the moon and prayed for luck and safety to the kind lady. Thereby, the custom of worshiping the moon on the Mid-Autumn Festival caught on among folks.
Later, other legends about the moon, such as Wu Gang Chopping the Laurel Tree and Moon Rabbit Grinding Medicine were created, draping the moon with a mysterious veil once more. Moreover, people are also fond of making interesting patterns of these tales on moon cakes.
Goddess of the Moon-Chang'e
In Taoism, Cheng'e is the Goddess of the Moon, also called "the Star Lady".
Cheng'e & Journey to the West
The Character Pigsy in Journey to the West, one of the four great classical novels of Chinese literature, is known to almost everyone in China. Pigsy was originally Marshal Tian Peng, commander of the Heavenly Naval forces. He had long been drooling over Chang'e's beauty, but he never dared to say it. One day, Marshal Tian Peng flirted with the Chang'e under the influence of alcohol. Chang'e reported him to the Jade Emperor, who was furious at it and banished Marshal Tian Peng to the mortal realm. But sadly, he was reincarnated as a pig. Pigsy is a comic character in the novel that readers like and sympathize with. May be this is the reason why countless travelers still want to travel China again after they enjoyed their first time China travel operated by their professional China travel agency.
Chang'e & Satellites
In January 2004, the State Council of China officially approved the launch of the lunar orbiting probe program and the leading engineering team named it "Chang'e Project". It is China's independently-conducted moon probing and observing project. At 18:05, October 24th, 2007, China's first self-developed lunar orbiting satellite "Chang'e One" was successfully blasted off in Xichang Satellite Launch Center and became a real lunar satellite on November 5th. It is a great break-through in China's lunar probe projects.
Peking Opera Goddess Chang'e Flying to the Moon
Peking Opera Goddess Chang'e Flying to the Moon was created by the great Peking Opera master Mei Lanfang. He wrote the play according to the folk legend about Chang'e and the Tang Dynasty poem lines "Chang'e must regret stealing the elixir, as she broods in loneliness night after night." In the play, character Chang'e's lines are full of loneliness and forlornness, mainly reflecting her homesickness and her regret over stealing the elixir and coming to the moon.
Maybe you just have had the exciting Yangtze River cruises and witnessed the natural scenery of China. However, no China travel is complete without discovering Chinese profound culture.
China is a world-renowned large tourist country, which attracts tens of thousands of travel-addicts domestic and abroad to join different kinds of China tours despite of fatigue and long journey. Besides its breathtaking landscape, China is also endowed with profound culture. When mentioning Chinese culture, Chinese festival is what cannot be missed. The following mainly focus on Water-Splashing Festival of the Dai People.
Throwing Scented Bags
To welcome the Dai New Year,young girls make lucky charms with colored paper.Young people often throw scented bags at prospective lovers.
Dai girls in their holiday best.Traditionally,Dai girls wear tight-sleeved short dresses and sarongs,which zccentuate their figures.
Making Models out of Sand
A Dai New Year activity for young girls is competing to make models out of sand.Buddha and animal figures are the most common design. It is no wonder that so many foreigners prefer discover Chinese culture further after they finished their first time China vacation deals.
Maybe some travel-addicts have enjoyed the fantastic China Tibet tours and discovered the natural scenery in plateau of China. To discover an authentic China, exploring profound Chinese culture is essentially needed. Come to China and start your Chinese culture exploration from Water-Splashing Festival of the Dai People.
A moon cake is a delicately-stuffed round cake that is delicious and nice to look at. The cake is often given as a gift between family and friends during the festival to show greetings. A small cake is a carrier of good wishes between family members, the eagerness to join family reunion of those away from home and people's praying for happiness. It was reported that Chinese culture contributes a lot to China tourism because it attracts countless travelers to discover it annually.
Watching the full moon
Watching the full moon on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival is the best activity for the whole family. It is a custom for people to ascend towers and terraces and have a good chat in the full-moon night while drinking wine and eating delicacies. The scene of "blooming flowers, full moon and family reunion" is poetic and charming.
Mid-Autumn Festival Lantern Fair
To accentuate the brightness of the moon, people traditionally light up lanterns on the Mid-Autumn Festival. The color lanterns are made of bamboo slips and paper. They come in different shapes and sizes, with candles inside. The lanterns with flickering candlelight are a visual feast to everyone. The scale of the Mid-Autumn Festival lantern fair is second only to that of the Lantern Festival. It is no wonder that so many foreign tourists still prefer to have their China vacation deals during the Chinese mid-autumn day to experience this spree atmosphere.
Wu Gang Chops the Laurel
Apart from the famous mythological story of "Cheng'e Flying to the Moon", there's another moon related story, which is about the laurel tree cutter Wu Gang. It is said that there was an extremely tall laurel tree on the moon and a man called Wu Gang was ordered to cut down the tree as a punishment for offending the god of heaven. He was not allowed to go home until he could cut down the tree. But the problem was that each time he chopped the tree, it would instantly grow back, making it impossible for him to cut it down. Like Chang'e, he had no choice but to cut the tree on the moon forever.
Maybe some travel-addicts have enjoyed the fantastic Yangtze River cruises and discovered the natural scenery of China. To discover an authentic China, exploring profound Chinese culture is essentially needed. Come to China and start your Chinese culture exploration from Chinese Mid-autumn Day!
China is a world-renowned large tourist country, which attracts tens of thousands of travel-addicts domestic and abroad to join different kinds of China tour packages despite of fatigue and long journey. Besides its breathtaking landscape, China is also endowed with profound culture. When mentioning Chinese culture, Chinese Dragon Boat Festival is what cannot be missed. The following mainly focus on Chinese Dragon Boat Festival.
The Dragon Boat Festival, also named "Chongwu Festival", "Calamus Festival" or "Daughter's Festival", takes place in May 5 in the lunar calendar. It is a folk festival widely passed down with a history of over two thousand years, and one of the most important festivals as well. There are various celebrating activities on the day of Dragon Boat Festival, among which eating rice dumplings (zongzi, the steamed glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves) and dragon boat race are important customs.
There are many legends on the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival. Some people say it is to commemorate the poet Qu Yuan, while some people think it is to memorialize Wu Zixu, a famous official in the Warring States Period, still there are some others regarding May 5 in the lunar calendar as the date when the Wuyue people held a memorial totem ceremony in ancient times. However, the legend on Qu Yuan is the most widely spread. People praise highly the lofty sentiment and outstanding talent toward this patriotic poet and take more pity on the finale that he drowned himself in a river. In the mind of most Chinese people, the conventions of eating rice dumplings and Dragon Boat Race in the Festival are all closely related to the commemoration of Qu Yuan. Besides, there are also different conventions like drinking realgar wine and wearing sachet. It is no wonder that so many foreigners prefer discover Chinese culture further after they finished their Yangtze River tour.
In ancient times, a married daughter would return to her parents' home during the Dragon Boat Festival and a bride-to-be would put on her Sunday best. So, the Dragon Boat Festival is also called "Girls' Day"
Driving away the Five Poisonous Pests
Nuns in Buddhist nunneries cut out of colourful thin silk patterns of toads, lizards, spiders, snakes and centipedes and distribute them to their benefactors to be posted on doors and in bedrooms before the Dragon Boat Festival. It is believed that the cutouts can suppress such poisonous vermin. These emblems are thus called the "amulets against the five poisonous pests".
According to The Customs of Qingqi, on Grain Rain Day people painted "amulets against the five poisonous pests" in the shapes of the lizard, the centipede, the poisonous snake, the wasp and the demon, each impaled by a needle. These paintings were duplicated and put up on the doors of the houses in an attempt to drive away all pests and pestilences. In the Wu area this custom is practised during the Dragon Boat Festival.
No last minute travel deals are complete without experience the Chinese culture. Come to China and discover it on your own.
Origin of the Lantern Festival
The tradition of appreciating lanterns on the Lantern Festival originates from the Eastern Han Dynasty, which has a bearing on the introduction of Buddhism into China at that time. It is a Buddhist convention that the monks would visit sarira and lighten up lanterns to show respect to Buddha on Jan 15.In Buddhism, there is a convention that shamans visit sarira and lighten up lanterns to show the respect to buddhas. Therefore, Emperors of that dynasty, who enthroningwere determined to promote in Buddhism, ordered people to lighten up lanterns in both palaces and temples on that night to show respect to bBuddhas. Additionally, civilians arewere all requested to hang up lanterns on that night, which is why the festival is called "Lantern Festival". Some foreign people particular choose the China tour packages of festival theme to discover this spree.
Guessing Riddles Written on Lanterns
In the Song Dynasty, the custom of guessing riddles written on lanterns on Lantern Festival came into being and people living thenat that time wrote riddles on paper strips and then pasted them on the colorful lanterns for the appreciation and guessing of peopleothers to appreciate and guess. Developing toIn the Qing Dynasty, people in order to celebrating the festival also set off fireworks were set off to add to the fun, and the Lantern Festival by then has witnessed a record-breaking grand occasion. It is no wonder that so many foreigners prefer discover Chinese culture further after they finished their China business travel.
The Chinese traditional desertdim sum eaten on Lantern Festival is called "sweet dumpling yuanxiao" (rice glue ball) or commonly called "rice dumpling tangyuan". A meaning of family reunion and happiness may be felt even only from such name which is a very lucky one. Sweet dumpling Yuanxiao has its exterior made into a ball shape withand sticky rice power and interior take white sugar, sweetened bean paste, and sesame as core materialthe stuffing. Besides, the interior of rice dumpling may also be filled with walnut meat, nutlets, and even meat can be used as the stuffing as well. Apart from the boiling manner, sweet dumpling yuanxiao may also be prepared through deep frying and steaming manners.
Lighting Colored Lanterns
In traditional folk customs, colored lights are considered as something beautiful and illuminating. They are indispensable decorations for festival celebrations. And colored lanterns play an essential role on the Lantern Festival. In the past, every household would light various types of lanterns for one another's enjoyment. Lantern fairs would be held in downtown areas, where night would be lighted up like the daytime. Now in China, large-scale lantern fairs will be held on the Lantern Festival Day in parks, temple fairs, or scenic spots.
Maybe some travel-addicts have enjoyed the fantastic Yangtze River cruises and discovered the natural scenery of China. To discover an authentic China, exploring profound Chinese culture is essentially needed. Come to China and start your Chinese culture exploration from Chinese lantern festival.
The first day of the first lunar month is regarded as the New Year of the Chinese – the Spring Festival. It is the most important and ceremonious traditional festival in China, just as Christmas Day to the westerners. Some foreign people particular choose the China vacation packages of festival theme to discover this spree.
During the Spring Festival, every family is busy cleaning house in the hope of getting rid of defilements and preventing diseases. Also, they need to paste door-god, spring festival couplets, and the reversed Chinese character "福" (means blessing),and hang flags in the hope of praying for auspiciousness in the New Year. On the New Year's Eve, every family enjoys a grand dinner, shoots off firecrackers, plays dragon dance and lion dance, and stays up late or all night. People will pay a New Year call to one another from the first day, and it is not until the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, namely, the Lantern Festival, that the Spring Festival is ended.
On the New Year's Eve, people work far away from home will manage to come back, regardless of long-distance travel, so the "Grand Dinner on New Year's Eve" is also called "Family Reunion Dinner". Whatever the financial condition is, every family will make the dinner the most sumptuous and ceremonious one in the year. Hostesses will fetch out foodstuffs prepared in early time and all family members will sit together and make dumplings in jollification. At twelve o'clock, when a new year drives off the old, every family will shoot off firecrackers to greet new days and send off old ones. Following the New Year's Eve is the first day of the Spring Festival, a day for paying a New Year call (bainian), during which people will be busy in giving best wishes to one another by saying such auspicious phrases as "Happy New Year" and "May you be prosperous", etc. In New Year's days, elders will put some money in a red pocket (yasuiqian) and give it to children as a gift. It is believed that on New Year's Day attention should be paid to ensure not to break up anything, or else one will miss good fortunes in the whole year, and that sweeping the floor will sweep off wealth and drive away good luck. If your China travel falls to Spring Festival, you could experience the spree by yourself.
Traditional food prepared for the Spring Festival varies with customs in different regions. However, those with auspicious names, meanings or shapes are favored, such as "New Year Cake" (niangao in Chinese, means "higher year", suggesting better fortune in the new year, and has the shape of gold and silver blocks), dumplings, the shape of which is similar to ingots, suggesting bringing in wealth and treasure, as well as fish symbolizing amassing fortunes.
According to history records, the Spring Festival derives from god and ancestor worships in the Shang dynasty. Nowadays, this superstitious meaning has faded away and is replaced with a symbol of unification, happiness and hope.
Come to China and discover why travelers-favored top China tours usually contains festival-themed tours, especially spring festival, the most important traditional festival in China.
China is a large tourist country with numerous attractions, which appeals numerous travel-lovers join different kinds of China tour packages despite of fatigue and long journey. Among the uncountable China attractions, Yangtze River cruise is a must-have, which is quite popular among travelers domestic and abroad. The following Yangtze River cruise tips are offered.
A trip usually goes well and smoothly when you make plans for it, especially a river trip cruising along the Yangtze River by ship for 4 to 5, or even 9 to 10 days. Here Chinatour360.com provides the most thoughtful travel tips for you to prepare your Yangtze River tour.
Insurance & Documents: You are suggested that you purchase travel insurance in your home country before you taking the Yangtze Cruise tour, although all the travel agencies in China offer agency’s liability insurance. Take the documents for traveling in China with you during the Yangtze Cruise tour.
Itinerary & Season: Travel experience could be quite different for the various itineraries offered on the Yangtze cruise tour. You can either cruise downstream or upstream, and both short and long routes are available. You will also see different scenery if visiting the river in different seasons.
On-board Experience: During your cruise tour, meals, drinks, and all kinds of entertainment are all served on board.
Packing & Clothing: We suggest various necessities and clothes to pack for a Yangtze cruise tour.
Security: We offer security tips for your stay on board and excursion tours on shore.
Other Matters: More tips for your Yangtze River cruise tour, including kids, pets, transportation, how to check-in, and shopping are provided.
No China travel is complete without enjoying the terrific Yangtze River cruises. Have it and discover the beauty of China.
Fujian cuisine is one of the native Chinese cuisines derived from the native cooking style of Fujian province, China. Fujian-style cuisine is known to be light but flavourful, soft, and tender, with particular emphasis on umami taste, known in Chinese cooking as "xianwei", as well as retaining the original flavour of the main ingredients instead of masking them. If your China vacation deals cover Fujian, you should never miss to taste the palatable Fujian cuisine.
Many diverse seafoods and woodland delicacies are used, including a myriad of fish, shellfish and turtles, or such edible mushrooms and bamboo shoots, provided by the coastal and mountainous regions of Fujian. The most commonly employed cooking techniques in the region's cuisine include braising, stewing, steaming and boiling.
Fujian cuisine consists of four styles:
Fuzhou: the taste is light compared to other styles, often with a mixed sweet and sour taste. Fuzhou is famous for its soups.
Western Fujian: there are often slight spicy tastes from mustard and pepper and the cooking methods are often steaming, frying and stir-frying.
Southern Fujian: spicy and sweet tastes are often found and the selection of sauces used is elaborate.
Quanzhou: the least oily but with the strongest taste/flavour of Fujian cuisine. Great emphasis is placed on the shape of the material for each dish. If your classic China tours cover Xiamen, you could enjoy the savory Fujian food heartily.
Unique seasoning from Fujian include fish sauce, shrimp paste, sugar, Shacha sauce, and preserved apricot. As well, wine lees from the production of rice wine is commonly used in all aspects of the region's cuisine. Red yeast rice is also commonly used in Fujian cuisine, imparting a rosy-red hue to the foods, pleasant aroma, and slightly sweet taste.
Fujian is also well known for its "drunken" (wine marinated) dishes and is famous for the quality of the soup stocks and bases used to flavour their dishes, soups, and stews.
One of the most famous dishes in Fujian cuisine is "Buddha Jumps Over the Wall", a complex dish making use of many ingredients, including shark's fin, sea cucumber, abalone, and Shaoxing wine.
China travel The savory Fujian cuisine would be a great feast to your eyes and would highlight your China travel greatly.
The Three Gorges , or Yangtze Gorges region is a scenic area along the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in the People's Republic of China, which is classified as a AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration. No scenic China tours are complete without visiting the Three Gorges.
The Three Gorges span from the western—upriver cities of Fengjie and Yichang in Chongqing Municipality eastward—downstream to Hubei province The Three Gorges region attracts global attention due to the Three Gorges Dam, which is firmly changing the culture and environment of the river and Three Gorges region.
The Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—Three Gorges region has a total length of approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi). The Three Gorges occupy approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) within this region. Although it is primarily famous for its scenery, the Three Gorges region is also a historically and culturally important location in China. Many settlements and archeological sites will be under submersion from the rising Three Gorges Reservoir.
The Three Gorges Dam was constructed at a place called Sāndòupíng in the middle of the Xiling Gorge. The reservoir dam was completed in the summer of 2006, and the water level quickly reached the maximum level of 110m above the downstream river. The project was completed by the end of 2008, although a ship lift is still in course of construction. The Three Gorges Dam is a must-have for your Yangtze River cruises.
The dam and Three Gorges Reservoir has had a massive impact upon the region's ecology and people, involving the mass relocation of towns and villages. The higher water level has changed the scenery of the Three Gorges, so that the river is wider and the mountains appear lower. However, the mountains still tower above the river, and the gorges continue to offer spectacular views of the surrounding cliffs.
The riverboat companies that operate in the Three Gorges are experiencing a boom in demand for river cruises. The increased width and depth of the river permits larger ships through the gorges, and there has been a significant increase of river traffic of all kinds, including bulk cargo and container barges.
The amazing Three Gorges made great contribution to China tourism. The breathtaking Three Gorges would be the highlight for you China trip. Come to China and discover the beautiful must-see in China by yourself!
Zechuan cuisine, Sichuan cuisine, or Szechwan cuisine is a style of Chinese cuisine originating from Sichuan province in southwestern China. It has bold flavours, particularly the pungency and spiciness resulting from liberal use of garlic and chilli peppers, as well as the unique flavour of the Sichuan pepper. Peanuts, sesame paste, and ginger are also prominent ingredients in Szechuan cooking.Although the official pinyin romanisation now is Sichuan, the cuisine is still often spelled Szechuan or Szechwan in North America. There are many local variations of Szechuan cuisine within Sichuan province and the Chongqing municipality, which was part of Sichuan until 1997. The four regional sub-styles include Chongqing, Chengdu, Zigong, and Buddhist vegetarian style. UNESCO declared Chengdu to be a city of gastronomy in 2011, due to the sophistication of its cooking. If your China tour packages covers Sichuan, you should never miss tasting Sichuan Cuisine.
Szechuan cuisine often contains food preserved through pickling, salting, and drying and is generally spicy due to heavy application of chilli oil. The Sichuan pepper is commonly used. Sichuan pepper has an intensely fragrant, citrus-like flavour and produces a "tingly-numbing" sensation in the mouth. Also common are garlic, chilli peppers, ginger, star anise and other spicy herbs, plants and spices. Broad bean chili paste is also a staple seasoning in Szechuan cuisine. The region's cuisine has also been the source of several prominent sauces widely used in Chinese cuisine in general today, including yuxiang , mala , and guaiwei . Each of these seasons play an important role in Sichuan cuisine. The dishes prepared would be another highlight of your China tours in Sichuan.
Common preparation techniques in Szechuan cuisine include stir frying, steaming and braising, but a complete list would include more than 20 distinct techniques. Beef is somewhat more common in Szechuan cuisine than it is in other Chinese cuisines, perhaps due to the prevalence of oxen in the region. Stir-fried beef is often cooked until chewy, while steamed beef is sometimes coated with rice flour to produce a very rich gravy. Szechuan cuisine also utilises various bovine and porcine organs as ingredients such as intestine, arteries, the head, tongue, skin, and liver in addition to other commonly utilised portions of the meat.
Some Szechuan dishes include Kung Pao chicken and twice cooked pork. Although many dishes live up to their spicy reputation, there are a large percentage of recipes that use little or no hot spices at all, including dishes such as tea smoked duck. If you happen to have Yangtze River cruises, you should never miss tasting the spicy Sichuan food in Chonqing.
China is a great country with time-honored history, which created profound Chinese history, When mentioning Chinese history, Peking opera is what can’t be missed, which is a vivid reflection of Chinese culture. In Peking opera, there are different kinds of masks with different color, which symbolizes different meanings in the opera. Each of it has been listed as below. If you China tours covers Beijing, you should never forget to watch the authentic Peking Opera.
Gold and silver colors are usually used for gods and spirits. The main color in a facial makeup symbolizes the disposition of the character. The facial makeups date a long time back to the Song (960-1279) and Yuan (1271-1368) dynasties at least. Simple patterns of painted faces are found in tomb murals of that age. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), improvements were made in the skills of drawing and in preparing the paints, leading to the whole set of colorful facial patterns that we see in today's Jingju (Beijing Opera).
Red indicates devotion, courage bravery, uprightness and loyalty. A typical "red full face" is Guan Yu, general of the period of the Three Kingdoms (220-280), famed for his faithfulness to his Emperor, Liu Bei.
Black symbolizes roughness and fierceness. The black face indicates either a rough and bold character or an impartial and selfless personality. Typical of the former are General Zhang Fei with a black cross butterfly face (of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms) and Li Kui (of Water Margin), and of the latter is Bao Gong (alias Bao Zheng), the semi-legendary fearless and impartial judge of the Song Dynasty.
Yellow signifies fierceness, ambition and cool-headedness. Shown is Tuxing Sun with a yellow symbolic face, a dwarf general with special powers in the opera "Three Mountain Pass."
Purple stands for uprightness, sophistication and cool-headedness). The reddish purple face likewise shows a just and noble character, for instance, Hou Yi with a purple three-tile face was a grain offficer versed in black magic in the opera " Green Dragon Pass.
Blue represents staunchness, fierceness and astuteness. Shown is Xiahou Dun with a blue pointed three-tile face, Cao Cao's most trusted general in the opera Bowang Slope."
White suggests sinisterness, treacherousness, suspiciousness and craftiness. Commonly seen on the stage is the white face for the powerful villain. It highlights all that is bad in human nature: cunning, craftiness, and treachery. Typical characters are Cao Cao, powerful and cruel prime minister in the time of the Three Kingdoms, and Qin Hui, treacherous Song Dynasty prime minister who put the national hero Yue Fei to death. Cao cao with a watery white face is the leading character in the opera "Meeting of the Elite."
A green face tells the audience that the character is impulsive and violent and depicts surly stubbornness, impetuosity and a total lack of self-restraint. Zheng Wun with a green pointed three-tile face plays a general in the opera "Green Dragon Ps.
For the clowns of traditional drama, there is a special makeup called xiaohualian (the petty painted face), i.e., a small patch of chalk on and around the nose to show a mean and secretive character, such as Jiang Gan of the Three Kingdoms who fawned upon Cao Cao. It is also occasionally painted on a young page or an ordinary workingman, often to enhance his wit, humor or jesting and to enliven up the performance.
No China tour packages are complete without watching the classic Peking Opera! Come to China and discover it by yourself!
When you are planning your China travel, the three Chinese national “Golden Weeks” should be avoid because the sightseeing area would be much crowded, which may spoil your enjoyable China trip.
Chinese New Years (Lunar New Year). This is the worst time to travel. The exact dates each year varies since it’s based on the Lunar Calendar, but it’s usually around late January to mid-Feb. Technically about 2 weeks but many Chinese will just get the first week off. Chinese New Years is the most important of the traditional holidays, kind of the equivalent of Christmas in the West. A huge chunk of the population — from white collar to migrant worker — takes off work to travel back to their hometowns to spend time with their families. Most businesses shut down completely, so your options for eating and shopping also become severely limited in smaller towns. Of course, if you don’t mind the crowds, it can be lots of fun (festivals, street activity, etc). But if you hate crowds and the incessant noise of firecrackers going off at all hours, I’d suggest earplugs and/or a lot of beer.
National Day (starts Oct 1) A week-long holiday that celebrates founding of People’s Republic. In particular, avoid Beijing sites (Forbidden City, which is next to the parades at Tiananmen Square, as well as the nearby Great Wall of China). During this period, Chinese also choose this time to have their China travel for relaxation.
Labor Day (May 1). Until 2007, this was a week-long holiday but has since been scaled back to a long 3-day weekend. So not as crazy as before but still definitely want to avoid being in transit during this time.
By the way, last minute China travel deals during this period would be money-inefficient, because fees for hotel, transportation as well sightseeings are all much expensive than those in shoulder seasons. So traveling during this period should be avoided.
China tours are highly favored by many travel-lovers because of unbeatable charm of China. Whenever you come, China has something for you. While some periods should be avoided when you are planning to travel China.
Weather aside, avoid traveling during any of the China’s national holidays if at all possible. In the 1990s the Chinese government introduced the “Golden Weeks” to develop domestic tourism industry.
Unlike in the West, the average Chinese worker has little to no flexibility in scheduling their vacation/holiday time. Instead, the entire country essentially takes their vacations at the exact same time! If you China vacation packages fall to these period, your travel may be less enjoyable, because the sightseeing area would be much crowded.
The bottom line: If you’re attempting to travel or see anything resembling a tourist attraction during these times, you will quickly lose the will to live. Just imagine if the U.S. celebrated Thanksgiving, the 4th of July, and Christmas all on the same week. Now multiply our population of 300 million by a factor of four.
You don’t have to take Econ 101 to understand the Supply & Demand implications of this. Competition and prices for airline, train or bus tickets get jacked up (and don’t think you’re going to out-elbow a billion Chinese travelers). Same goes for hotels, restaurants, and any other tourist-related services.
If you can’t avoid traveling during these times, make all reservations well in advance or sign up with a tour (but expect to pay more). Consider visiting less popular tourist destinations and staying put in one location until everyone gets back to work. In this case, you China travel deals during this period would be money-efficient because hotel accommodation fees would be higher than that in shoulder seasons.
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